Earth's north magnetic pole has officially shifted

Earth's magnetic north pole is wandering about 55 kilometres a year

Since 1831, the north magnetic has been moving across the Canadian Arctic towards Russian Federation, which is unlike the geographic north pole, which is fixed. Also, the U.S. and United Kingdom tend to update the location of the magnetic north pole every five years in December, however, this update came due to the pole's faster movement.

"The declination has changed just over 2.5 degrees over the past 22 years since Denver opened", Heath Montgomery, former Denver International Airport spokesperson, said in a statement after the last update.

The movement forced scientists to update the World Magnetic Model (WMM), which is used by North Atlantic Treaty Organisation and militaries around the world, for its location.

The magnetic North is the point at which the planet's magnetic field points vertically down.

That could bother some birds that use magnetic fields to navigate.

Scientists first recorded the position of the northern magnetic pole in 1831.

Magnetic North is one of three 'north poles.' True north is probably the most well known and is the northern end of planet Earth axis.

SINCE MONDAY, news publications across the world have been reporting that the magnetic north pole is drifting fast from the Canadian Arctic and towards Russian Federation.

Earth's magnetic North Pole has been wildly shifting towards Russian Federation so quickly that scientists have been forced to publish an update on its actual location a year early.

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Global Positioning System navigation isn't affected because it is satellite based. By the summer, the discrepancy between the World Magnetic Model and the real-time location of the north magnetic pole had almost exceeded the threshold needed for accurate navigation, said William Brown, a geomagnetic field modeler for the BGS. This spot is affected by the flows of-of liquid iron in Earth's core and hence is susceptible to movement.

Some have speculated that Earth is overdue for another magnetic-field reversal - an event that hasn't happened for 780,000 years - and the North Pole's recent restlessness may be a sign of a cataclysm to come. And an overall weakening of the magnetic field isn't good for people and especially satellites and astronauts.

With the magnetic field of the Earth changing more than predicted, the values can be off requiring an out-of-cycle update such as this.

The magnetic field shields Earth from some unsafe radiation, Mr Lathrop said.

WASHINGTON (AP) - North isn't quite where it used to be.

Meanwhile, smartphones and other electronic devices rely on the WMM to provide consumers with accurate maps, compasses, and Global Positioning System services.

Researchers from the US's National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) maintain the WMM.

'Your smartphone camera and various apps can use the magnetic field to help determine the direction you are facing, ' he continued.

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